Literature-In-English 3 (Drama & Poetry ) – 2.00pm – 4.30pm
-Theme of uncertainty-
If the sandbar is Tennyson’s metaphor for the boundary between life and death, then “Crossing the Bar” s all about crossing from life to death. But if you think you’re in for a morbid poem, you’re in for a surprise instead. This poem is all about accepting and embracing death, rather than fearing the dark unknown. In other words it emphasized in the poem that no one should feel bad, cry or mourn when he dies. This is because he is going to see his creator in a better place. at this point there exists a place where one will find him/herself after embracing death. The nature of the place, the poetic personae did not generally explain. But, individually, he opines that he hopes to see his pilot face to face when he dies.
i)Repetition: This is seen throughout the poem. Example: What eyes will watch our large mouth? is repeated in the second stanza.
ii) Rhetorical Question: This runs throughout the poem. It expresses the poet’s worry and emphasises his seriousness over the subject matter of the poem. Examples: “Who then will hear our voices without laughter?” “Who then will hear us without laughter?” “What eyes will watch our large mouth?” “What heart will listen to our clamouring?” “What ear to our sobbing hearts?”.
She is the main character in the play, a young and native university graduate desperately searching for a job. In her desperation, she ignorantly becomes part of a criminal network involved in drugtrafficking in spite of her friend’s constant warning to keep away from notorious Ochuole. Aloho is arrested and detained for drug trafficking. Upon her release, she suddenly realizes that she is pregnant for Chief Haladu- Amaka and eventually dies during child-birth. The author uses Aloho’s character to portray the ordeals of many young and jobless Nigerian graduates, how they are easily taken advantage of and lured into crime in their desperation to get a job.
Ochuole is Aloho’s classmate in the University. She is portrayed as notorious and wayward. Ochuole works as Chief Administrative Officer at the Ministry of External Relations. She aids Chief’s sexually immoral lifestyle by providing him with ladies. She lures Aloho into drug trafficking in the guise of helping her to secure a job with the Ministry of External Relations.
-Chief Ade Haladu-Amaka-
He is the Minister of External Relations and the epitome of corruption in the play. He is the ring leader of a criminal network of drug peddlers. He engages in bribery, large scale embezzlement of public funds,sexual immorality and fraud. His character is ironical. As a Minister of External Relations, he is supposed to promote his country’s image in the comity of nations. On the contrary, Chief Haladu- Amaka through his many vices portrayed his country in a bad light.
Ogeyi is Aloho’s friend and confidant. Aloho lives with Ogeyi in her small apartment in Pannya. She tries to discourage Aloho from taking Ochuole’s job offer and warns her to keep away from Ochuole. She seeks justice for Aloho by reporting Chief to the police. She is the voice of reason in the play.
Madam Hoha is the Manager of Akpara Hotel. The hotel where Chief perpetuates his criminal activities. She is sentenced to ten years imprisonment with hard labour along with Ochuole and her hotel was sealed.
Walter and Ruth are not happy. They have a troubled relationship with tension, Walter feels that he is wasting his life as a chauffeur. His job offers him no dignity. He works as a chauffeur, a job he finds unsatisfying on a number of levels but most particularly because he does not desire to be anyone’s servant. In this diminutive self-perception, Walter becomes resentful of Ruth, projecting his self-contempt onto her. There is reason to intepret this negativity as a resentment that is actually directed inward. Walter feels that he has failed his wife and his son. Ruth does not agree with Walter’s view of himself. The pressures of poverty that lead Walter to feel like a failure lead Ruth to attempt to focus on the bare, positive facts: at least the family is together. She clearly loves her husband and family but also clearly feels the stress of poverty. When Ruth discovers that she is pregnant, a new conflict emerges.
he emerges as a main character after Manfred orders him to be imprisoned within the helmet for his insolence and he escapes, only to help Isabella escape from the castle through a trapdoor. He is revealed later in the novel to be the lost son of Friar Jerome. Theodore proceeds to protect Isabella from the wanton lust of Manfred. He captures the hearts of both Isabella and Matilda, but settles for Isabella after Matilda’s death. In other words He hides her in a cave and blocks it to protect her from Manfred and ends up fighting one of the mysterious knights. Theodore badly wounds the knight, who turns out to be Isabella’s father, Frederic. With that, they all go up to the castle to work things out. Frederic falls in love with Matilda and he and Manfred begin to make a deal about marrying each other’s daughters. Manfred, suspecting that Isabella is meeting Theodore in a tryst in the church, takes a knife into the church, where Matilda is meeting Theodore. Thinking his own daughter is Isabella, he stabs her. Theodore is then revealed to be the true prince of Otranto and Matilda dies, leaving Manfred to repent. Theodore becomes king and eventually marries Isabella because she is the only one who can understand his true sorrow.
In Kufi, the people believed that there were good and bad deaths. Yaremi consoled herself with the notion that Ajumobi died a good death. It was also believed that the dead people watch over the living. This explains Yaremi’s many monologues addressed to her late husband, Ajumobi. In Other word’s The atitude of the people were pointing at the wives were accused of killing their husbands because of the belief that someone had to be responsible for every death . They also suspected feathered creatures like birds as they were usually linked to witchcraft .