HISTORY OF BURUKU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA.
Buruku Local Government is one of the 23 Local
Governments in Benue State of Nigeria.
1989 out of the present Gboko Local Government
However, Buruku Local Government once existed
in 1982, during the second republic (then, was
called Ambighir Local Government) but was
phased out along numerous Local Governments in
the country in 1984, by a military Government,
which came to power on December 31,1983.
Buruku Local Government is bordered:
1. East: Logo and Katsina-Ala Local Government
2. West: Ushongo Local Government Area
3. North by Guma or Tarkaa Local
Government Area, and
4. South by Gboko Local government Area
1. Tiv people (The dominant)
2. Etulo, and
3. The Nyifon people.
History have it that, the Hausa people at Abakwa,
Etulo Council ward of Buruku Local Government
had settled there before Independence. However,
the Hausa people of Abakwa are not much
considered in the affairs of the Local Government,
due to their sparse population.
Buruku Local Government has a population of
203,721 people as of 2006 Celsus.
It has a landmark of about 1,246 square kilometre.
On the globe, Buruku Local Government lies on
the geographical coordinates of 10° 37′ 0″ N, 7°
14′ 0″ E; for the latitude and longitude lines
respectively, taking equator as the
1. Shorov council ward
2. Etulo council ward
3. Mbaityough council ward
4. Mbaazagee council ward
5. Mbaakura council ward
6. Binev council ward
7. Mbaapen council ward
8. Mbaya council ward
9. Mbakyongo council ward
10. Mbaatirkyaa council ward
11. Mbayaka council ward
12. Mbakyaancouncil ward, and
13. Mbaade council ward
The Local Government is sub-divided into four
developmental areas, namely:
3. Abwa, and
4. Mbalagh development areas.
Tyowanye, Abwa, Adi, Ugbema, Ortese, Jingir, Uga,
Usen, Fada, Kur, Tyogbenda-Mbajov, Anshav,
Anvambe, Tomataan, Anvambe,
Garagboghol, Ashibi, Diwa, Nyamatsor, Abakwa
Many of these markets occurs once after four
days. However, for religious reasons, there are
some markets that hold once in a week for a
peculiar day, so as to prevent them from holding
on Sundays. Almost all of the markets that hold
once in a week to opt them from Sunday
occurrence, were set by the missionaries in early
1. Tomanyiin, Sati, Tomataan among
2. The Tomanyiin market hold only on Thursdays,
3. Sati market on Saturdays and
4. Tomaataan market on Fridays.
The topography and physical features of Buruku is
characterised by Rivers: River Buruku, also call
River Benue, River Ambighir, River Amile and many
Streams, Ponds, Swampy areas, Loose soil thick
forest, among others.
The Agricultural profession of the Buruku people
can never be over-emphasised.
Buruku is basically an agrarian area; it is one of
the leading producers of
agricultural products in Benue, thus
making Benue State, the Food Basket of the
Nation. Buruku land is generally fertile.
It is the surest Local Government, one can rightly
turn for food and cash crops.
Buruku has a diverse agricultural produce which
include: rice, beans, cashew, cassava, yam, okro,
palm nuts, cocoa nuts, guava, pawpaw,
soyabeans, ground nut, dry fish, fresh fish,
vegetables, melon, groundnut, Timber tree,
economic trees like Orange and mangoes, among
Infact, Buruku boasts of one of the
longest stretches of river systems in the country
with great potential for a viable fishing industry,
dry season farming through irrigation and for an
inland waterway through irrigation.
Buruku area is endowed with many
minerals which include limestone, sharp sand, salt,
gravel, natural gas, clay, coal, among others.
The temperature of Buruku town
fluctuates between 25°C to 31°C.
A reasonable percentage of the Buruku people are
literate, Buruku Local Government has produced a
bunch of professors which are serving at various
levels both at home and in diaspora.
And, It has also produce catalogue of medical
professionals and administrators as well as civil
servants that are contributing numerous to the
growth of the nation Nigeria.
The religion life of Buruku people is seen in three
distinct group or factions.
There is a dominating Christian group, A Muslim
The group of traditional worshippers who believes
in the worshiping of“Akombo”
and “Tsav”, which are merely inform of traditional
believe or ancestral heritage.
For the Christian people of Buruku, their bases for
Christian life can be trace back, during the pre-
colonial era, through the Dutch Reformed Church
Mission (DRCM) of South Africa, taking the gospel
to Tiv people in 1911s and to the presence Buruku
people in early 1920s.
Some of the noticeable Christian Churches
attended by Christians in Buruku Local
1. Universal Reform Christian Church,
2. Catholic Church,
3. Reformed Evangelical Mission,
4. Deeper life Church,
5. Living Faith church, among others.
The Local Government of Buruku
possesses a rich and diverse cultural heritage
which finds expression in colourful clothes, exotic
masquerades, sophisticated music and dances.
Traditional dances from Buruku have won acclaim
at state and national cultural festivals. These
dances include Ingyough, Ange, Anchanakupa,
Swange, Kureke and Tomsule dance.
The Buruku Kwagh-hir theatre provides
memorable entertainment in its dramatization of
Benue folklore and social commentary.