On a daily basis, people face problems and situations that should be evaluated and solved, and challenges arise as they try to understand different perspectives about these situations. Understanding the concepts and process of critical thinking is very relevant for anyone who intends to excel in critical writing and reviewing.
What is Critical Thinking?
Critical thinking is the process of analyzing facts to arrive at informed judgment. It consists of analysis of facts to support or dispute claims with a view to creating a rational decision-making platform. They further state that critical thinking is, in short, self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking.
Critical thinking skills help people to think in a more systematic, logical, and imaginative manner. Anyone who has functional critical thinking skills is able to do the following (Critical Thinking Web, n.d.):
understand the logical connections between ideas
identify, construct and evaluate arguments
detect inconsistencies and common mistakes in reasoning
solve problems systematically
identify the relevance and importance of ideas
reflect on the justification of one’s own beliefs and values
Critical thinking entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference (Baker, 2015).
(Taken from the book “Critical Writing and Reviewing, Second Edition, written by Chineney Nwabueze